With the return of warm weather, vacations and humidity, insects are coming back into our environment. And a sting is then quickly arrived. Depending on the beast that attacks you, the reflexes to adopt are not always the same. Follow our little guide.
Mosquito and horsefly bites: fine lavender to soothe
If the bite itches so much, it is because of the saliva of the insect. Disinfect with an antiseptic lotion or soap and water, then apply an antipruritic cream several times a day containing a local anesthetic (Eurax, Quotane...). One drop of essential oil of fine lavender or aspic on the pimple also helps to disinfect, soothe and heal. If the pimple swells and itches a lot, use a cream or gel containing an antihistamine and/or cortisone (Onctose Hydrocortisone, Cortapaisyl, Dermofenac..., available over the counter).
Sting of Augustate: eliminate the larvae before all
The larvae of this mini-mite present in grass (be careful with picnics) cause red papules and irritations in the folds of the skin, bra elastics, belt, socks... A few hours later, it is very itchy! The ideal is toto apply the antiparasitic lotion Ascabiol (in pharmacy) with a cotton ballto kill the larvae, then a local soothing cream containing an antihistamine, or even taking an oral antihistamine if itching is severe (Zyrtecset and generic cetirizine, available over the counter).
Bee, wasp or hornet sting: watch for swelling and hives
Start with removing the stinger if it's a bee : do not use tweezers to avoid piercing the venom pouch, but a rigid card (credit card type) to gently slide towards the exit point. If it throws, try to neutralize the venom with heat by holding the end of a lit cigarette, cigarette lighter or hair dryer close to the wound for a few minutes. Disinfect with an antiseptic spray or wipe. In case of itching, apply an antihistamine and/or hydrocortisone cream, or 1 or 2 drops of lavender aspic essential oilwhich is effective because of its slightly anesthetic action. If you have been stung in the throat or mouth, or if you swell up or get hives, call 15 (Samu) without delay, as this can cause angioedema and anaphylactic shock. Also remember to immediately remove rings and bracelets if you are stung on the hand.
Tick bite: general inspection!
The bite of this mite found in the forest (from the edge) or in some gardens can transmit diseases, including Lyme disease, via a bacterium. After a walk in nature, inspect the whole body thoroughly, especially the folds of the skin (ask someone to look in the neck and back). If you spot a tick, remove it with a tick puller: slide it under the beast and turn it gently - if not, use tweezers by pulling upwards. Then disinfect with an antiseptic. Monitor the bite site for a month and consult if an erythema (red and round plaque) forms around it, and/or in case of fever, fatigue...
Thanks to Dr Christine Cieur, doctor of pharmacy, author of My ideal natural pharmacy (ed. Terre vivante).
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